Upon abrupt discontinuation or decrease in intake of substances of abuse, an individual goes into a phase called “withdrawal.” It happens after repeated use of opiates (pain pills/heroin), alcohol and benzodiazepines and buprenorphine (trade names: Suboxone, Bunavail, Zubsolv), a medication used to treat opioid withdrawal and cravings. Withdrawal causes acute physical distress and, in the case of alcohol and benxodiazepines, it can cause seizures or even death.The symptoms may include excessive sweating, anxiety, depression, fatigue etc.
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People with a substance use disorder, or addiction, are generally viewed as being “responsible” for their condition and there is a stigma associated with suffering from this disorder. However, medical evidence leaves no doubt that addiction is a disease. According to NIDA, addiction comes about through an array of neuroadaptive changes and the laying down and strengthening of new memory connections in various circuits in the brain.
Addiction is a chronic disease, much like diabetes and it ... Continue Reading →