It happens after repeated use of opiates (pain pills/heroin), alcohol and benzodiazepines and buprenorphine (trade names: Suboxone, Bunavail, Zubsolv), a medication used to treat opioid withdrawal and cravings.
Withdrawal causes acute physical distress and, in the case of alcohol and benxodiazepines, it can cause seizures or even death.The symptoms may include excessive sweating, anxiety, depression, fatigue etc.
Opiates (pain pills, heroin)
Opiates withdrawal symptoms include anxiety, sweating, vomiting, diarrhea, and shivers.
Suboxone withdrawal symptoms include nausea and vomiting, muscle/body aches, insomnia or drowsiness, indigestion, anxiety, depression, and irritability.
Alcohol withdrawal symptoms include: sweating,anxiety, depression, mood swings, tremors, shaking, irritability, nausea, seizures and delirium tremens.
Benzodiazepine withdrawal symptoms include sleep disturbance, irritability, increased tension and anxiety, panic attacks, hand tremor, sweating, diazepines, it can cause seizures or even death. Culty concentrating, headache, muscular pain, stiffness and dry wretching and nausea.
Cocaine withdrawal symptoms include agitation and restless behavior, depressed mood, fatigue, increased appetite, vivid and unpleasant dreams, and slowing of activity.
Methamphetamine withdrawal symptoms include deep, dark depression, emotional lability (exaggerated changes in mood), night sweats, teeth grinding, anxiety, anhedonia (inability to experience pleasure from activities usually found enjoyable), irritability, suicidal ideations, and suicide.
Spice withdrawal symptoms include: depression, headache, loss of appetite, headache, tremors, palpitation, confusion, psychotic episodes, restlessness, extreme sweating, hallucinations, and seizures.
Ketamine withdrawal symptoms include: nausea, dizziness, diarrhea, flashbacks, aggressive behavior, irregular and rapid heartbeat, seizures and, possibly, death.
As is evident from the withdrawal symptoms listed above, stopping drug and alcohol use abruptly has its own risks, Consequently, when an individual decides to come off of drugs or alcohol, it is important to do it at licensed detoxification facilities under appropriate supervision and care.
Dr. Cidambi is a leader in addiction treatment and innovator of safe and effective ambulatory (outpatient) detoxification level of care for alcohol, benzodiazepines, opiates, and suboxone. Prior to founding the Center for Network Therapy, she completed her residency in Psychiatry at Maimonides Medical Center in Brooklyn and an Addiction Medicine Fellowship at NYU/Bellevue Hospital in New York. Due to the successful detoxification program, Dr. Cidambi was featured frequently by media outlets, including NPR, CBS, NY Times, and Wall Street Journal.